Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
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- Pet CBD oil vs. human CBD oil
- Importance of quality
- Is CBD oil safe for dogs?
- Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
The recent emergence of cannabidiol (CBD) oil has crept into nearly every facet of daily life, from the coffee shop to the pharmacy shelves. But humans aren’t the only species who can reap the potential benefits of CBD, a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. As it turns out, CBD may also improve the well-being of man’s best friend, turning an anxious whimper into a joyous tail wag.
Pet owners have undoubtedly noticed CBD products aimed at their furry friends popping up in pet stores and online.
CBD’s potential health benefits for pets mirror those touted for humans, including help for joint pain, arthritis, appetite stimulation, seizures, nausea, stress, anxiety, back pain, symptoms of cancer, and gastrointestinal problems. However, as in the case of humans, research is still limited and much of the evidence of effectiveness is anecdotal in nature.
CBD oil is generally safe, there is a possibility that an exceedingly high dose could cause side effects, such as loose stool, in smaller dogs. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
But that hasn’t stopped pet owners from reaching for the CBD oil when their dog suffers from health issues like chronic pain from arthritis or anxiety from holiday fireworks. Additionally, due to CBD’s purported calming effects, some have also attempted to use CBD oil for hyperactive dogs, hoping to keep them relaxed in stressful situations.
Pet CBD oil vs. human CBD oil
Whether it’s for dogs or humans, there are countless CBD oil brands available. Dog owners who use CBD oil themselves and are considering trying it out for their dog may wonder if there is a difference between pet CBD oil and human CBD oil. The short answer is no.
“There should be no difference in ‘pet-quality’ oils,” said holistic veterinarian Judy Morgan. “Many human oils are pretty concentrated, so dosing becomes an issue for small pets.”
What if you want to utilize the same CBD oil as your faithful companion? Can humans take pet CBD oil without experiencing any adverse side effects? Morgan explained that, if the CBD oil manufacturer is a good one, it will make oils that are human-grade – meaning this will be good enough for both you and your pet.
“Yes, dogs can use human CBD oil,” she said. “Humans could take pet CBD oil if it is human grade and not adulterated in any way.”
Importance of quality
Of course, considering the vast number of CBD oil products currently on the market – partially because of the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp production in the United States – an important aspect of giving CBD oil to your dog is finding a quality product. CBD oil can be derived from either hemp or marijuana, both of which are cannabis plants. Since marijuana is still illegal on a federal level, consumers are likely seeing many hemp-derived CBD oil products on the market. Marijuana-based CBD oil is legal in states that have legalized it for recreational or medical marijuana use.
An important aspect of giving CBD oil to your dog is finding a quality product. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Despite hemp’s legalization, CBD oil is currently in a state of regulatory flux in the U.S. With this lack of current regulation of CBD oil, there’s a need for consumers to educate themselves about CBD oil products and manufacturers they are considering. In fact, certain studies show that many of the products on the market are falsely labeled. In one November 2017 study, researchers tested 84 CBD products from 31 companies and found that only 30.95% were accurately labeled with the correct amount of CBD.
One way to make sure a CBD oil’s manufacturer is reputable is by purchasing a product that includes a certificate of analysis from a third-party testing lab. You can also look for a product that was manufactured in a Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP)-compliant facility, which must follow certain Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards to qualify. When reading the bottle label, make sure it also contains other information including the amount of active CBD per serving, a full ingredients list, net weight, manufacturer or distributor name, suggested use, and batch or date code.
Morgan recommends purchasing an organic, full-spectrum CBD oil with no add-ins or additives other than the carrier oil, which is usually a medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil like coconut oil.
Is CBD oil safe for dogs?
CBD oil is generally considered safe for humans and dogs, but more research is still needed. One scientific report published in the “Journal of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association” studied the potential adverse effects of giving CBD to 30 healthy beagles.
Stephanie McGrath, a veterinary neurologist at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, worked on the study.
“Overall, the product was well tolerated clinically. However, clinically significant adverse effects, particularly diarrhea and elevations in serum ALP levels, are noteworthy and warrant further discussion and research,” McGrath told Weedmaps News.
ALP is alkaline phosphatase, which is a protein found in all body tissues.
Morgan said that while CBD oil is generally safe, there is a possibility that an exceedingly high dose could cause side effects in smaller dogs.
“Although I have had people accidentally use 10 times the recommended dose with no side effects,” Morgan said, “the side effects would be more magnified in very small dogs, especially if using a very concentrated oil.”
She said she hasn’t seen many side effects of CBD oil use in dogs.
“Maybe occasional loose stool with high doses,” she said. “CBD does use an enzyme system in the liver, so dogs with impaired liver function may need lower dosing.”
Possible side effects of CBD use in dogs include increased thirst in dogs, lower blood pressure, light-headedness, and drowsiness. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
According to an article on the American Kennel Club website, possible side effects of CBD use in dogs – based on human side effects – could include dry mouth (increased thirst in dogs), lower blood pressure, light-headedness, and drowsiness.
Another potential risk for dogs is the consumption of too much THC, the intoxicating cannabinoid found in marijuana. In states where marijuana is legal, CBD oil products derived from marijuana may contain much higher doses of THC than the 0.3% maximum allowed in hemp products in other states. Also, given the lack of regulation of CBD products, there is potentially more THC in CBD oil products than consumers realize.
According to Morgan animals have a low tolerance for the powerful psychoactive effects of THC. She said common symptoms of intoxication include ataxia (walking in a drunken manner), dilated or glazed eyes, dull mental activity, vomiting, dribbling urine, and rapid or slow heart rate. Some pets may become agitated while others will demonstrate stupor. The risks include coma, seizures, and even death in high doses.
Is hemp oil safe for dogs?
You should also be on the lookout for product labels that claim to contain hemp oil or other products derived from hemp seeds, as these will not include any CBD at all. Without the inclusion of this cannabinoid, hemp oil will not provide the same potentially therapeutic effects to your pooch as CBD oil. However, hemp oil has been proven to be an excellent nutritional supplement for both humans and dogs. Hemp seeds, which are pressed to create hemp oil, are rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids.
Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
Keeping in mind the issues of product quality and labeling, the answer is yes, you can give human CBD oil to your dog. However, dosing is a big part of proper administration. As yet, there is no official standardized dosing chart for pets – or humans, for that matter. But Morgan’s recommendation is 1 milligram per 10 pounds of body weight. If using human CBD oil, you will need to figure out how many milligrams of CBD are in a milliliter of the oil you have. There are about 30 milliliters in 1 fluid ounce, which is a common CBD oil bottle size.
Let’s say, for example, that one 30 milliliter bottle contains 500 milligrams of CBD, and a standard dropper usually holds 1 milliliter. Some quick math can help you figure out the most effective dosage. Simply divide the milligrams of CBD by the amount of oil in the bottle. In this example, each milliliter, or full dropper, should have about 16.6 milligrams of CBD. When it comes to dosing, always start on the lower side first and remember, it’s one milligram per 10 pounds of body weight, not one dropper full. So, we’ve figured out how to measure out dosages, but you also need to know how to give CBD oil to dogs.
CBD oil can be given to pets by mouth, with food or treats, or even in water. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Jeremy Feldman, co-founder of Pet-Ness, which sells hemp-derived CBD oil and chews for pets, said CBD oil can be given to pets by mouth, with food or treats, or even in water.
“Most dogs just lick it right off the dropper,” he said.
He added that if it’s a glass dropper, however, make sure your dog doesn’t bite down. Feldman also recommended applying the CBD oil directly onto your dog’s skin to potentially help with things like skin issues or muscle soreness.
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CBD for Pets vs. Humans: What’s the Difference?
If you’re a pet owner, you likely want to give your furry friend the very best. Whether you’re a loyal dog lover or border on crazy cat lady, pets are more than just companions. They’re our best friends.
You’ve probably heard by now that CBD can be extremely beneficial for pets. The non-psychoactive cannabinoid is reportedly doing wonders to improve the lives of pets all across the country.
When it comes to CBD for pets vs. humans, what’s the difference ?
Is there a “special” CBD oil that should be used for pets, or can you give your pets the CBD oil you use for yourself?
Let’s take a look.
What’s the Difference Between CBD for Pets vs. Humans?
In humans, the wellness-promoting properties of CBD are realized by the way the cannabinoid interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). It is said to be one of the most important physiological systems involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors are found throughout the entire body and are considered the “bridge between body and mind.”
All animals, vertebrates and invertebrates (save for the sea sponge) are known to have an ECS. Mammals, fish, birds, reptiles — you name it!
Because of the presence of the ECS in pets, it’s suggested that CBD affects our animals in much the same way us.
A Deeper Look at Your Pet’s Endocannabinoid System
Within the ECS are two cannabinoid receptors known as CB1 and CB2. These receptors have two major functions. One is to regulate the behavioral effects of cannabis. The other is to govern the effects of the body’s natural cannabinoids, known as anandamide and 2-AG.
CB1 receptors are found in the central nervous system and affect functions such as cognition, memory and motor movements. CB2 receptors are primarily found in the peripheral nervous system, as well as the immune system, gastrointestinal tract.
While CBD has little binding affinity for CB1 and CB2 receptors, its effects are caused by an indirect impact on these very important cannabinoid receptors. This indirect impact regulates your pet’s natural endocannabinoid system to naturally enhance their well-being.
The ECS is responsible for the following functions in both humans and our pets:
- Balance and coordination
- Digestive system function
- Mood regulation
- Muscle movement
When there is a disturbance in your pet’s ECS (big or small), your pet can experience suppressed function in any of these processes.
How Does the Endocannabinoid System Work in Pets?
We don’t typically pay much mind to the internal anatomy of our pets. They’re great to cuddle, but we’re usually not thinking about how their digestive or immune systems function.
Knowing that our pets all have an ECS just like we do, it makes sense that CBD would affect us both similarly. When our ECS is functioning properly, our bodies achieve ultimate balance and well-being. Same goes for our beloved fur babies. When there is any kind of imbalance in the ECS, various concerns can manifest. This is as true for us as it is for our pets.
Your Pet’s Endocannabinoid System and CBD
Now that you’re equipped with the knowledge of how your pet’s ECS functions, you can have a better understanding of how CBD might work for them. When you give your pet CBD, it is first metabolized and then can go to work in the ECS.
There are countless stories online about how CBD has supported the lives of people’s pets. The more research you do, the more you’ll become aware that CBD can be just as beneficial for pets as it is for humans.
Is there a difference between CBD oil for pets and CBD oil for humans, though?
What’s the Difference Between CBD for Pets vs. Humans?
If you’re curious about giving your canine (or feline) companion CBD to improve his or her life, we’re with you. We love our pets and consider them a part of our family. When it comes to giving your pet CBD, can you just use any regular CBD oil?
There are several pet-specific CBD products that are available on the market, from CBD treats and chews to CBD tinctures designed for dogs and CBD sprays that can easily be added to your pet’s food. But is there a difference between these products and the CBD oil you use for yourself?
Basically, the CBD oil used for pets is no different than the CBD oil used for humans. Serving recommendations are different, but there aren’t typically any differences in the way the oils are manufactured.
When designed specifically for pets in mind, however, CBD companies will typically add some kind of appealing flavor (think peanut butter or bacon) to entice your cat or dog into trying it. CBD for pets is often made with a carrier such as cod liver oil or olive oil, which can also enhance the health of your pet.
Using CBD Oil for Pets
Can you use CBD oil intended for humans on your pets?
Sure. In fact, many people experimenting with CBD oil on their pets will start out by giving them some of their own. If you find out that CBD benefits your pet and you want to make it part of their regular diet, using CBD oil designed specifically for pets is recommended.
CBD pet oil tinctures have been specially formulated with pets in mind. The CBD oil you take is likely much stronger than pet CBD oil.
Giving your pets the exact serving size they need could be a bit more complicated than simply serving yourself. This is why giving your pets oil made specifically for them is always recommended. Human products may also have ingredients that could harm your pet, such as essential oils.
Something else to consider when giving your pet CBD are CBD pet treats. We all know our pets love their treats. Cats and dogs go crazy for them. CBD pet treats are made with your beloved companion in mind and are an easy way to give them a precise serving each and every time. Our CBD Dog Treats, for example, are made with a hearty beef flavor and contain 2mg of CBD per treat.
Is There Really a Difference Between CBD for Humans and Pets?
When it comes down to it, CBD seems to be as beneficial for our furry friends as it is for us. It’s all about the way the cannabinoid works with the endocannabinoid system of our pets.
As far as CBD is concerned, what you give your pets is often the same thing you take yourself. The biggest differences between CBD for pets and humans is the CBD oil milligram content and any added pet-friendly flavor that will make CBD pet oil even more enticing.
When it comes to giving your pets CBD oil, giving them what was designed specifically for them is typically recommended. It has the perfect amount of CBD to fit their specific pet needs and a taste that will satisfy even the most finicky of palates.
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You already enjoy spending time with your pet, whether it’s by taking them on walks or cuddling up with them on the couch. Now you can enjoy your wellness routine with them too!
Hannah Smith is Joy Organics Director of Communications. She is driven by her passion for providing clear and accessible wellness and CBD education. In 2015, she received her BA in Media, Culture and the Arts from The King’s College in New York City and before Joy Organics, worked as writer and photographer in the Middle East and North Africa. Her work has been featured on Forbes, Vice, Vox, Denver Post, and the Coloradoan.
When it comes to CBD for pets vs. humans, what’s the difference? Is there a “special” CBD oil that should be used for pets? Joy Organics takes a look.