Can Humans Use Pet CBD Oil?
Posted by Michael Jones on October 03, 2019
Updated at: April 06, 2021
CBD oil has recently made headlines in newspapers, magazines, and social media athlete pages. It is repeatedly touted as a versatile supplement that could help improve the quality of your (and your pets) life both immediately and long term.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
It’s an increasingly popular ingredient in many health and wellness circles. There has been a lot of buzz about CBD oil in the last few years, but what exactly is CBD oil?
What is CBD Oil?
First, the acronym ‘CBD’ stands for cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is a naturally-occurring chemical compound found in the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the hemp plant.
Hemp is NOT marijuana. It is a close cousin of marijuana, but without as much THC (tetrahydrocannabinol, the chemical compound in marijuana that causes the high) so it is not psychoactive.
CBD oil is made by isolating the individual CBD compounds through extraction and then distilling them in alcohol to remove impurities. They’re usually then suspended in a carrier oil. Plants have been used by humans throughout history to improve physical and mental health and to mitigate the damage to our bodies by disease. Specific plants have long been used in medicine, magic, and folklore, and many sets of prehistoric remains have been found with ritualistically-carried herb and plant matter on their bodies and in their camps.
The discovery of the ECS, or the endocannabinoid system, provided solid biologically-backed evidence of what humans have known since we were barely human: that plants have a profound ability to control, enhance, and heal our bodies and our minds.
While CBD oil itself has only been used in research studies and laboratories since the 1940s, cannabis-derived medicines have been popular for centuries.
The earliest known use was a tea in ancient China rumored to cure rheumatism and gout. Most famously, Queen Victoria reportedly used CBD to alleviate her menstrual cramps in the late 1800s.
CBD oil is unique in that it interacts with the ECS, a system that intercepts ingested CBD molecules and translates them in a way our body can understand, and which functions the same way in all animals regardless of complexity.
The ECS is a massive network of cell membrane receptors involved in several physiological processes like sleep and digestion.
It was first discovered in the 1990s by L.A. Matsuda while he was researching the various ways THC affects the body and brain. Soon after, the National Institute of Health began researching the use of CBD oil, with promising results, and eventually filed for a patent from the federal government.
Because CBD was not widely available for research for so long, the connection to our endocannabinoid system is still being researched in depth. Relatively little is known about everything it affects- but scientists can already see how incredibly vital it is to our health and long-term wellness.
The ECS plays an incredibly important role in creating memories, stabilizing mood, and regulating hormone production. It can help your brain and body learn to adapt to stress, both chronic (like work deadlines and traffic) and acute stress (particularly helpful in survival situations).
It can control the ability (or inability) to reproduce. It can affect all our body’s primary functions including depth and quality of sleep, digestion and proper absorption of nutrients, and the way our immune system protects us from illness.
An insensitivity to CBD could play a role in chronic illness and may point to how and why our bodies suddenly develop diseases like cancer.
CBD oil essentially encourages our bodies to work with our ECS to maintain internal homeostasis, which is the balance across all our major regulatory systems (the nervous system, for example, or circulatory system).
It helps our body synchronize the chemicals and hormones we produce and use every day, can help manage many medical conditions (including anxiety, depression, epilepsy, cancer, and chronic pain and inflammation), and improves overall health and well-being.
Many people say they feel better, younger, and in better general health when regularly using good-quality CBD oil.
CBD is safe, effective, and quickly and easily metabolized by all mammals. It is virtually impossible to overdose. There is no risk of becoming chemically dependent on (or addicted to) CBD oil. No serious side effects have been reported. On rare occasions mild diarrhea or slight drowsiness has been linked to high dosages.
How Do You Use CBD Oil?
The CBD oil that consumers can purchase in stores and online come in many forms; tinctures, capsules, and edibles are most common.
Tinctures are often used sublingually, which means they are placed under the tongue for 60 seconds and then swallowed, and can be absorbed into the body significantly faster than capsules or edibles.
Sublingual CBD oil can provide by far the most efficient relief : you could start feeling the effects of a CBD oil tincture in as little as 10 or 15 minutes versus the 30 to 45 minutes, on average, for other methods, particularly those that require digestion.
CBD oil for pets comes in a similar array of choices, including baked into fun treats (like bacon chews!) and infused into solid oils, with more products being introduced all the time!
There are two types of CBD oil available for pets: CBD isolate, which is nothing but the CBD (which is preferred by those that want extreme purity in their product) and full-spectrum CBD oil, which is usually made with hemp oil.
As a warning, THC, the psychoactive chemical compound in marijuana, is illegal in a number of places and is highly toxic to animals. It absolutely should not be present, in any amount, in pet-friendly products.
There are also other interesting methods of introducing CBD into your day, including some that don’t even depend on oral ingestion. You can ‘vape’ your CBD. There is no shortage of hygiene and beauty products that include CBD, including face masks and hair conditioners!
For leg cramps, a CBD-infused lotion you apply at night before bed. For kids, a tropical-fruit-flavored once-a-day gummy. For dogs, a processed-cheese-covered pill that makes it easy to track dosage.
It will likely become a more popular ingredient in many unexpected things as more people fall in love with the benefits. A quick online search should provide you with a plethora of options.
Of course, the most popular (and most widely available) CBD products right now are the oil tinctures and capsules or pills. These provide an easy, effective way of getting CBD oil into your body, they’re easy to fit into your day, and they make dosing simple. Many times you can find a pill with the exact dose you need so there is no measuring or math needed!
The label and instructions of any product you choose should have dosing information listed. If not, the company you purchased it from should have that information readily available.
The general formula for dosage is based on body weight : .25 milligrams per 1 pound of body weight. Some widely-accepted online calculators recommend starting with 1 milligram and building up to 6 milligrams per 10 pounds of body weight.
A standard starting dose of 25 milligrams twice a day can be effective for treating minor common ailments (like fatigue, headaches, or body aches), inducing good-quality sleep, and maintaining control over your appetite (particularly if your end goal is weight loss).
You may eventually come to need a higher amount of CBD oil to achieve the results you desire. It’s simple to figure out! To safely increase your dosage, just start slowly and work your way up to the desired or suggested dose.
Adding 25 milligrams to your daily amount, then maintaining that for several days, then adding another 25 milligrams, is a good way to begin raising the amount of CBD oil you take every day.
It’s important to give your body plenty of time to acclimate to each dosage level, and waiting several days to further increase the dose is a good way to gauge how your symptoms are responding. You may find your body functions best at a specific dose at a specific time of day.
If you are using CBD oil to control a debilitating medical condition, the doctors and scientists at the world-famous Mayo Clinic have developed a handy chart of standard starting doses for several including epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and Huntington’s disease.
Treating these diseases usually involves starting with a much larger dose of CBD oil than the average consumer needs. These higher dosages and the effects it has on these illnesses have been studied by researchers, published in medical journals, and used by many patients with positive results.
These studies themselves (and even simplified easy-to-read results and supporting documentation) are widely accessible online. If you have questions about treating a specific condition, talk to your doctor.
Your situation may be different than those presented in the study and it’s important to get personalized care.
It is most important to remember to use your CBD oil every day. Consistency is key. Many people find their worst symptoms are alleviated in 3 to 7 days; most find maximum relief in about 2 weeks when taking CBD oil twice a day every day.
Many people find they have a relapse period if they forget their oil; symptoms may come back quickly and fiercely. You may have rebound symptoms even after you restart your CBD oil regimen. This can be inconvenient and uncomfortable, so it is definitely better to just keep taking it regularly!
A good idea when beginning your CBD oil treatment regimen is to keep a journal. You can try using a severity rating system to easily observe trends: five stars for ‘good’ days with few symptoms and one star for ‘miserable’ days, for instance.
Include the date, the time (you could have different notes for morning and night doses), your symptoms and moods, your quality of sleep, and how much CBD oil you took. You may wish to include other details about your day, such as what you ate, where you are in your menstrual cycle, unusual interactions with the people around you, and so on.
Taking consistent notes may help you identify which symptoms your CBD oil is affecting, what you still need to be working on, when it is time to change your dosage, and when it is time to consult a professional for further assistance.
By taking such meticulous notes, you can also help your doctor see evidence of your improved condition so they can give you further advice and treatment plan options. While it absolutely can be an effective stand-alone option, CBD oil is often used in conjunction with other lifestyle changes.
CBD, diet and exercise can nicely complement traditional eastern (like acupuncture and massage) and mainstream western medicine (like medications and surgeries).
Make sure to check in with all of your medical professionals, including any specialists, before starting any new supplements or beginning a new medication in case there is the potential for interactions.
Your medical team can advise you on any further precautions to take before you begin. They could also suggest periodic testing and monitoring to help keep track of your progress.
Always make sure to buy your CBD oil from a reputable source that strives to maintain constant control over the growing, harvesting, and manufacturing processes – that level of commitment could help ensure the purity of their product.
**Remember to check the ingredients list and the label for any other information before using your oil.**
Are Pet and Human CBD Oil Interchangeable?
In short, YES – human and pet CBD oil can be virtually interchangeable, with a few important side notes.
Animals can suffer from the same medical conditions that humans can and the treatment can all begin in the same place: with high-quality CBD oil. Arthritis, lack of appetite, anxiety, cancer- all these things and more affect pets as often (and as severely) as they do humans. CBD can be just as safe and effective for your pets as it is for you!
The endocannabinoid system (the ECS) functions very similarly in all animals. Even the most primitive animals have cannabinoid receptors! The sea squirt, for instance, is a very simple animal that evolved to genetically express cannabinoid receptors in its digestive tract more than 600 million years ago!
Most widely-produced CBD oil products are safe for both humans and all types of pets, but the products specifically created and marketed for human consumption are subject to more stringent regulations than those for animals.
Like all food- and health-related substances (including dietary supplements and over-the-counter herbal preparations and medicines), manufacturers are required by the Federal Drug Administration (the FDA) to adhere to more rigorous testing procedures and stricter labeling guidelines to ensure universal safety and purity.
Because of this set of higher standards and the financial and practical burden put on companies to meet them, you may find that human products are more expensive than products marketed for pets.
Check the bottle! The primary ingredients list should be identical on both the human and the animal version – it should say pure CBD with no included THC or terpenes.
The main ingredient in essential oils, terpenes are other compounds naturally produced by plants and insects that make plant life smell sweet, and are generally seen as impurities (unless they are added in afterward for flavor in the form of essential oils, in which case your bottle should specify that).
The ingredients list should also say which carrier oil is used (fatty vegetable-based oils like MCT coconut oil, olive oil, almond oil, and hempseed oil are common). A carrier oil is important (especially when essential oils may be added- undiluted essential oils can be dangerous when not used correctly) because it dilutes the CBD, which your body may not be able to process in full-strength.
Be aware that, while grapes can be dangerous for dogs to ingest, grape seed oil as a carrier oil is considered perfectly safe.
Another potential concern for humans using CBD oil meant for pets is the flavor additives. Human CBD oil is often pure and unflavored; those meant for pets are often flavored to entice the animal to eat it without argument.
Traditional CBD oil has an earthy flavor to it, so many manufacturers add animal-friendly flavor to the oil. It may however be unpalatable for humans to have, for example, liver-flavored CBD oil sitting under their tongue.
The flavor additives may also contain flavor-enhancing ingredients like stevia and various essential oils (mint is a particularly common one). While these ingredients are generally safe for human consumption, they may cause mild digestive or respiratory upset in some people if taken internally.
Make sure to check the ingredients list and the label, and, as always, get your CBD oil from a reputable source that guarantees purity. Follow the manufacturers guidelines on storage, use, and expiration.
Check with your doctor or veterinarian to see if you and your pet are candidates for cannabidiol use. It could be the invigorating, revitalizing, life-changing solution modern humans (and their pets!) need to function at their peak!
CBD oil has recently made headlines in newspapers, magazines, and social media athlete pages. It is repeatedly touted as a versatile supplement that could help improve the quality of your (and your pets) life both immediately and long term. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. What is CBD Oil? 2. How Do You Use CBD Oil? 3. Are Pet and
Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
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- Pet CBD oil vs. human CBD oil
- Importance of quality
- Is CBD oil safe for dogs?
- Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
The recent emergence of cannabidiol (CBD) oil has crept into nearly every facet of daily life, from the coffee shop to the pharmacy shelves. But humans aren’t the only species who can reap the potential benefits of CBD, a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. As it turns out, CBD may also improve the well-being of man’s best friend, turning an anxious whimper into a joyous tail wag.
Pet owners have undoubtedly noticed CBD products aimed at their furry friends popping up in pet stores and online.
CBD’s potential health benefits for pets mirror those touted for humans, including help for joint pain, arthritis, appetite stimulation, seizures, nausea, stress, anxiety, back pain, symptoms of cancer, and gastrointestinal problems. However, as in the case of humans, research is still limited and much of the evidence of effectiveness is anecdotal in nature.
CBD oil is generally safe, there is a possibility that an exceedingly high dose could cause side effects, such as loose stool, in smaller dogs. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
But that hasn’t stopped pet owners from reaching for the CBD oil when their dog suffers from health issues like chronic pain from arthritis or anxiety from holiday fireworks. Additionally, due to CBD’s purported calming effects, some have also attempted to use CBD oil for hyperactive dogs, hoping to keep them relaxed in stressful situations.
Pet CBD oil vs. human CBD oil
Whether it’s for dogs or humans, there are countless CBD oil brands available. Dog owners who use CBD oil themselves and are considering trying it out for their dog may wonder if there is a difference between pet CBD oil and human CBD oil. The short answer is no.
“There should be no difference in ‘pet-quality’ oils,” said holistic veterinarian Judy Morgan. “Many human oils are pretty concentrated, so dosing becomes an issue for small pets.”
What if you want to utilize the same CBD oil as your faithful companion? Can humans take pet CBD oil without experiencing any adverse side effects? Morgan explained that, if the CBD oil manufacturer is a good one, it will make oils that are human-grade – meaning this will be good enough for both you and your pet.
“Yes, dogs can use human CBD oil,” she said. “Humans could take pet CBD oil if it is human grade and not adulterated in any way.”
Importance of quality
Of course, considering the vast number of CBD oil products currently on the market – partially because of the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp production in the United States – an important aspect of giving CBD oil to your dog is finding a quality product. CBD oil can be derived from either hemp or marijuana, both of which are cannabis plants. Since marijuana is still illegal on a federal level, consumers are likely seeing many hemp-derived CBD oil products on the market. Marijuana-based CBD oil is legal in states that have legalized it for recreational or medical marijuana use.
An important aspect of giving CBD oil to your dog is finding a quality product. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Despite hemp’s legalization, CBD oil is currently in a state of regulatory flux in the U.S. With this lack of current regulation of CBD oil, there’s a need for consumers to educate themselves about CBD oil products and manufacturers they are considering. In fact, certain studies show that many of the products on the market are falsely labeled. In one November 2017 study, researchers tested 84 CBD products from 31 companies and found that only 30.95% were accurately labeled with the correct amount of CBD.
One way to make sure a CBD oil’s manufacturer is reputable is by purchasing a product that includes a certificate of analysis from a third-party testing lab. You can also look for a product that was manufactured in a Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP)-compliant facility, which must follow certain Food and Drug Administration (FDA) standards to qualify. When reading the bottle label, make sure it also contains other information including the amount of active CBD per serving, a full ingredients list, net weight, manufacturer or distributor name, suggested use, and batch or date code.
Morgan recommends purchasing an organic, full-spectrum CBD oil with no add-ins or additives other than the carrier oil, which is usually a medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil like coconut oil.
Is CBD oil safe for dogs?
CBD oil is generally considered safe for humans and dogs, but more research is still needed. One scientific report published in the “Journal of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association” studied the potential adverse effects of giving CBD to 30 healthy beagles.
Stephanie McGrath, a veterinary neurologist at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, worked on the study.
“Overall, the product was well tolerated clinically. However, clinically significant adverse effects, particularly diarrhea and elevations in serum ALP levels, are noteworthy and warrant further discussion and research,” McGrath told Weedmaps News.
ALP is alkaline phosphatase, which is a protein found in all body tissues.
Morgan said that while CBD oil is generally safe, there is a possibility that an exceedingly high dose could cause side effects in smaller dogs.
“Although I have had people accidentally use 10 times the recommended dose with no side effects,” Morgan said, “the side effects would be more magnified in very small dogs, especially if using a very concentrated oil.”
She said she hasn’t seen many side effects of CBD oil use in dogs.
“Maybe occasional loose stool with high doses,” she said. “CBD does use an enzyme system in the liver, so dogs with impaired liver function may need lower dosing.”
Possible side effects of CBD use in dogs include increased thirst in dogs, lower blood pressure, light-headedness, and drowsiness. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
According to an article on the American Kennel Club website, possible side effects of CBD use in dogs – based on human side effects – could include dry mouth (increased thirst in dogs), lower blood pressure, light-headedness, and drowsiness.
Another potential risk for dogs is the consumption of too much THC, the intoxicating cannabinoid found in marijuana. In states where marijuana is legal, CBD oil products derived from marijuana may contain much higher doses of THC than the 0.3% maximum allowed in hemp products in other states. Also, given the lack of regulation of CBD products, there is potentially more THC in CBD oil products than consumers realize.
According to Morgan animals have a low tolerance for the powerful psychoactive effects of THC. She said common symptoms of intoxication include ataxia (walking in a drunken manner), dilated or glazed eyes, dull mental activity, vomiting, dribbling urine, and rapid or slow heart rate. Some pets may become agitated while others will demonstrate stupor. The risks include coma, seizures, and even death in high doses.
Is hemp oil safe for dogs?
You should also be on the lookout for product labels that claim to contain hemp oil or other products derived from hemp seeds, as these will not include any CBD at all. Without the inclusion of this cannabinoid, hemp oil will not provide the same potentially therapeutic effects to your pooch as CBD oil. However, hemp oil has been proven to be an excellent nutritional supplement for both humans and dogs. Hemp seeds, which are pressed to create hemp oil, are rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids.
Can I give my dog human CBD oil?
Keeping in mind the issues of product quality and labeling, the answer is yes, you can give human CBD oil to your dog. However, dosing is a big part of proper administration. As yet, there is no official standardized dosing chart for pets – or humans, for that matter. But Morgan’s recommendation is 1 milligram per 10 pounds of body weight. If using human CBD oil, you will need to figure out how many milligrams of CBD are in a milliliter of the oil you have. There are about 30 milliliters in 1 fluid ounce, which is a common CBD oil bottle size.
Let’s say, for example, that one 30 milliliter bottle contains 500 milligrams of CBD, and a standard dropper usually holds 1 milliliter. Some quick math can help you figure out the most effective dosage. Simply divide the milligrams of CBD by the amount of oil in the bottle. In this example, each milliliter, or full dropper, should have about 16.6 milligrams of CBD. When it comes to dosing, always start on the lower side first and remember, it’s one milligram per 10 pounds of body weight, not one dropper full. So, we’ve figured out how to measure out dosages, but you also need to know how to give CBD oil to dogs.
CBD oil can be given to pets by mouth, with food or treats, or even in water. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Jeremy Feldman, co-founder of Pet-Ness, which sells hemp-derived CBD oil and chews for pets, said CBD oil can be given to pets by mouth, with food or treats, or even in water.
“Most dogs just lick it right off the dropper,” he said.
He added that if it’s a glass dropper, however, make sure your dog doesn’t bite down. Feldman also recommended applying the CBD oil directly onto your dog’s skin to potentially help with things like skin issues or muscle soreness.
Can I give my dog human CBD oil? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents Pet CBD oil vs. human CBD oil Importance of quality Is CBD oil safe for