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cbd oil for dog arthritis

CBD For Dogs? New Research Backs Canine Cannabis Use For Osteoarthritis

Brett Hartmann gives his dogs Cayley, a six-year-old-Labrador Retriever drops of a cannabis based . [+] medicinal tincture to treat hip pain and anxiety. New research supports CBD for canine osteoarthritis.

AFP via Getty Images

Is your dog suffering from canine osteoarthritis? A new study suggests that CBD may help dogs with this painful arthritic condition.

Canine osteoarthritis is an inflammatory condition marked by pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility. And it can leave dogs lethargic, irritable and reluctant to play, run or jump. Unfortunately, the condition is all too common in dogs. Researchers estimate that it affects at least 20% of all dogs older than 1 year old, with higher risk for older dogs.

The recent study, published in the journal PAIN, looked at whether different doses and formulations of CBD might help dogs suffering from osteoarthritis – and the results suggested that it could.

Researchers from Baylor College of Medicine worked in collaboration with the CBD brand Medterra on the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The 4 week study included 20 large dogs diagnosed with osteoarthritis who were randomly assigned to receive either a placebo or one of three different CBD options. The dogs were evaluated before and after the regimen by both veterinarians and their owners on factors related to their mobility and pain. Details about the amount of CBD each dog was taking was kept from the owners and veterinarians so that it wouldn’t influence their evaluations.

While the placebo group and the low CBD group showed no improvement, by the end of the one month period, the group of dogs who took higher doses of CBD or used CBD in a liposomal formulation saw significant improvement in their mobility and quality of life.

“I openly admit that I was surprised at how quickly we saw such large results” says Matthew Halpert PhD, Faculty with the Department of Pathology and Immunology at Baylor College of Medicine and Senior Scientific Advisor for Medterra. “I would not have expected to see too much of anything in just one month.”

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Halpert, who designed the experiment, explains that in the placebo and lower dose groups, the owners reported their dogs to be “just as miserable as before” and veterinarians didn’t see any improvement in the dog’s mobility. But in the two higher dose groups “almost every dog saw significant improvement in their conditions, in regards to reduced pain and increased ability to move around. And the dogs seemed happier and were able to do more.”

Even two weeks after the dogs stopped taking the CBD, those in the higher dose groups were still showing improvement. “This would tell us that the CBD was in fact addressing the underlying inflammatory issues” Halpert explains. “It wasn’t just masking the pain”

CBD dog treats are part of an emerging market of CBD products for pets, projected to reach $563 . [+] million in sales during 2020.

These results add additional scientific backing to the emerging market of CBD for pets. There is currently a wide variety of products geared towards dogs and other pets. According to the Brightfield Group, a consumer research group focused on the cannabis space, the US Pet CBD market expanded by more than 10 times its 2018 size in 2019, producing $321 million in sales. In 2020 it is projected to reach $563 million in sales.

The research also lends support to reports of success with CBD from dog owners, such as Zoe Lilly, who lives in Oxfordshire England with her 7 and a half year old dog Zeus – a Rhodesian Ridgeback. Zoe says she noticed Zeus getting a little stiff on one leg, so she decided to try out CBD. She says “It’s made his movement more fluid and he can play pretty well.” Zoe hasn’t noticed any negative side effects in Zeus since starting, but she does report noticing that it helps relax him before vet visits.

While there has been previous research suggesting CBD can help with canine osteoarthritis, this study looked at both traditional CBD and CBD in a liposomal formulation, a method used to make it easier to absorb CBD, which isn’t very bioavailable on it’s own. “It’s kind of like a Trojan horse, or a water balloon” explains Halpert. “We put the CBD inside of that and the liposome itself, the balloon itself, is actually very bioavailable.”

When ingested, liposomes are said to be more easily absorbed into the bloodstream of both humans and dogs, making it easier to absorb CBD. In this experiment, dogs taking a daily dose of 20mg’s of liposomal CBD did significantly better than those who took 20mg’s of traditional CBD, adding some evidence to the theory.

Still, other experts disagree. Stephen Cital, a veterinary anesthesia & pain management specialist points out this study didn’t test the CBD levels in the blood after dogs ingested these two CBD options. They just looked at the outcomes in the dogs’ behavior. He’s not convinced liposomes make a difference.

“I have never seen an added benefit to liposomal encapsulation with these molecules” he explains “I think in theory makes a lot of sense, but we haven’t seen the data to support that at this point.”

Cannabis or hemp derived CBD products may help dogs with osteoarthritis – according to new research.

Still, Cital supports the use of CBD for dogs with osteoarthritis and has even had his own success story, using CBD to treat his own 11 year old mixed breed dog, who was having shaking in his back legs and a hard time getting up the stairs.

“Within three days I noticed that his back leg stopped shaking.” Cital reports, recalling how his elderly dog was more able to walk up the stairs and play. Cital says he has seen many dogs in his practice see similar improvement with CBD. “You just see the life brought back into them. and [you] get a few more quality years out of them comfortably.”

Other veterinarians with experience using CBD in dogs also reported seeing positive results using the drug for canine osteoarthritis.

Gary Richter, a veterinarian in Oakland, CA says he’s “certainly seen quite a number of dogs that are on either CBD or some other preparation of cannabis for the treatment of osteoarthritis and many of those dogs do very, very well.”

While none of the dogs in the recent study saw negative side effects, Richter says he’s seen some dogs have minor side effects from the drug. “The one side effect that is sometimes seen is an elevation in one of the liver values, the alkaline phosphatase” he explains. Still he says that the elevation “does not appear to cause any real world issue, in the sense that it doesn’t make the dog sick. And it is reversible if you stop giving the CBD.”

Gastrointestinal problems like diarrhea or vomiting also occasionally occur for some dogs, but Richter and Cital say it is unclear if this is related to the CBD or the oils and other compounds in CBD products.

Elizabeth Mironchik-Frankenberg, a veterinarian and founder of Veterinary Cannabis Consultants, also adds that “CBD can interfere with the metabolism of other drugs, so this needs to be taken into consideration.”

Richter, Cital, Mironchik-Frankenberg and Halpert all urged pet owners to talk to their veterinarian before starting a CBD regimen and to make sure you use high quality CBD products. “There are a lot of products out there and not everything is made properly, not everything is labeled accurately, not everything has in the bottle, what it says on the label” explains Richter. Cital suggests only using brands that can show lab tested results with their products to ensure dosing information is accurate and the product is free from contaminants.

Dogs taking CBD saw improvement in pain and mobility after one month in recent study.

Best CBD Oil For Dogs With Arthritis 2021 – Top 5 Products Reviews

best cbd oil for dogs with arthritis

With age comes wisdom but, unfortunately, it often comes with health problems as well. As you’ve gotten older, you may have noticed that your body doesn’t recover quite as quickly as it used to – you may have even developed chronic issues like joint pain.

Dogs are no different than humans when it comes to the effects of aging. Joint problems are particularly common [1] in older dogs and can lead to pain, instability, and even lameness. Surgical correction is the most effective solution in some cases, but if you catch the condition early enough you may be able to relieve your dog’s symptoms with medication or natural alternatives like CBD oil.

In this article, we’ll explore the subject of arthritis in dogs and the potential benefits of CBD oil for treatment and management. You’ll also see our top picks for the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis and joint pain.

Best CBD Oil For Dogs With Arthritis

  1. Honest Paw CBD Oil – Best For Senior Dogs
  2. Honest Paws Dog Treat – Best Treats
  3. Holistapet – Best Organic Oil
  4. CBD Pure – Most Affordable
  5. Spruce CBD – Best Potency
  6. Joy Organics – Best Natural Ingredients

CBD Oil for Dogs Arthritis

Treatment options for dogs [2] with arthritis vary according to the type of arthritis and its severity. For some dogs, weight control and low-impact exercise are enough to relieve stress on the joints and improve muscle strength and mobility. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are also a common component of arthritis management.

Though NSAIDs help manage pain and reduce inflammation, all medications come with a risk of side effects. Pet owners concerned about giving their pets medication often turn to natural alternatives. In the case of arthritis, CBD oil may also be a cure for both human and dogs. Read on to learn more about CBD for dogs and to see our top picks for the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis.

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Honest Paws CBD Oil

Why is it better?

  • Formulated for joint pain and inflammation
  • Made with full spectrum CBD oil
  • Third party lab tested for safety

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The Lineup At A Glance

Best Treats

  • Flavorful soft chews, easy to administer
  • Made with US grown full-spectrum hemp
  • Fortified with glucosamine and chondroitin

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Most Affordable

  • Organically grown CBD oil
  • Backed by a 90-day guarantee
  • Affordable pricing, save on multiples

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Best Quality

  • Highly concentrated formula (750 mg)
  • Full spectrum organic CBD oil
  • Human lab-grade, third party tested

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Best THC Free

  • Choose from dog treats or CBD oil
  • Made with premium full spectrum CBD
  • Completely free from THC

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Top 5 Best CBD Oil for Dogs with Arthritis Reviews

Honest Paws CBD Oil

Honest Paws CBD Oil

No dog should suffer the pain of arthritis. Honest Paws offers a unique CBD oil formulated specifically for joint pain and inflammation, available in three concentrations according to your dog’s size and weight.

  • Relieves joint pain and inflammation
  • Made with full spectrum CBD oil
  • Third party lab tested for safety
  • Can be tricky to find the right dosage
  • Some dogs dislike the flavor

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Though CBD oil has the potential to reduce pain and inflammation, Honest Paws offers a formula specifically designed for this purpose. In addition to being made with full spectrum CBD oil, this tincture contains organic turmeric. Known for its diverse medicinal properties, turmeric offers anti inflammatory benefits [3] which are particularly useful in relieving arthritis pain.

Honest Paws CBD Oil for Dogs Mobility formula comes in three concentrations: 125mg, 250mg, and 500mg. When placing your order, simply choose the right concentration by your dog’s size (up to 25 pounds, 25 to 50 pounds, or over 50 pounds). You’ll receive free shipping on orders over $49.95 and your first purchase comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

All Honest Paws products are made with the best CBD on the market. Their organic, full spectrum hemp oil is completely free from corn, soy, and GMOs as well as other contaminants. Everything is third party lab tested for purity and potency as well.

Spruce CBD

spruce cbd dog

Arthritis in dogs can be a painful, debilitating condition. With Spruce CBD, your dog doesn’t have to live with that pain. A few drops a day may provide the relief your dog needs and it is easy for you to administer.

  • Highly concentrated formula (750 mg)
  • Broad spectrum organic CBD oil
  • Human lab-grade, third party tested
  • May be best for larger dogs (higher doses)
  • Fairly expensive compared to other options

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Canine arthritis affects every dog differently. Some dogs experience mild inflammation while others experience debilitating pain. Some CBD products are simply not strong enough to make a difference for dogs with severe arthritis but Spruce CBD is different. This highly concentrated organic CBD oil for dogs is 100% natural and made with high-quality CBD.

What makes Spruce CBD products unique is that their CBD pet products are formulated differently than their human products. This CBD oil is made with coconut oil [5] instead of the typical hemp seed carrier oil which makes it gentler on your dog’s digestion and gives it a milder flavor. There are no other added flavors in this oil.

Though not specifically formulated for arthritis, Spruce CBD is a highly concentrated product. Made with broad-spectrum high-quality CBD oil and lab-tested for safety, this product is low in THC, pesticide-free, and made in the USA. Each bottle contains 750mg CBD and the recommended dosage ranges from 2 to 8 drops up to two times per day, depending on your dog’s body weight.

CBDPure

CBDPure CBD Oil_1

Give your dog the pain-relieving benefits of anti inflammatory CBD without breaking the bank. CBDPure is one of the most affordable options on the market for CBD pet products and you can save even more by purchasing multiple bottles.

  • Organically grown high quality CBD oil
  • Backed by a 90-day guarantee
  • Affordable pricing, save on multiples
  • Dosing instructions are a little vague
  • No free shipping offers

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If you’re looking for a natural remedy to soothe your dog’s arthritis pain, CBD could be the perfect solution. CBD products like oil tinctures are easy to administer and can help with everything from joint pain to inflammation. CBDPure uses naturally and organically grown hemp oil and each bottle contains 100mg of CBD with less than 0.3% THC by weight.

CBD pet products can be expensive, but CBDPure strives to keep things affordable. A single bottle costs just $24.99, but you can save up to $5 per bottle simply by buying more than one at a time. Priced under $25, there’s no harm in trying CBDPure to see if it helps with your dog’s arthritis symptoms. If you like it, upgrade your order for significant savings.

Honest Paws Dog Treats

Honest Paws Dog Treats-1

Some pet owners simply prefer the convenience of offering their dog a treat to struggling with liquid CBD. Honest Paws Mobility Soft Chews are the perfect solution for treating your dog’s arthritis joint pain – simply feed 1 to 3 chews according to your dog’s body weight.

  • Flavorful soft chews, easy to administer
  • Made with US grown full-spectrum hemp
  • Fortified with glucosamine and chondroitin
  • Somewhat expensive
  • Only one flavor option

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For many dogs with arthritis, pain is a fact of daily life. Inflammation combined with joint pain makes it difficult to walk, let alone exercise or play. If you’re looking for a simple solution to help ease your dog’s pain and improve his mobility, Honest Paws dog treats could be the one.

Honest Paws Mobility Soft Chews contain 5mg high quality CBD per chew that comes from full-spectrum hemp. Your dog may also benefit from other healthy ingredients including green tea extract and hemp seed oil, all bursting with natural poultry flavor.

What makes Honest Paws Mobility Soft Chews different from other CBD products for dogs is that they contain ingredients specifically designed to address arthritis symptoms. On top of full spectrum CBD oil, these treats contain glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate [4] , two ingredients shown to support joint health in dogs with arthritis. Try them and receive free shipping on orders over $49.95 and get an additional 15% off with auto-refills.

Joy Organics

Joy Organics Pet CBD Oil

Choose from two CBD products with Joy Organics – dog treats or a CBD oil tincture. Both are made with premium broad spectrum CBD to help reduce your dog’s arthritis pain.

  • Choose from dog treats or CBD oil
  • Made with high quality full spectrum CBD
  • Completely free from THC
  • Only two concentrations available
  • Dosing liquid CBD can be tricky

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Dog owners are always on the lookout for products that can help their pets and Joy Organics is too. Their full spectrum CBD oil [6] products are formulated specifically for dogs, designed to support general wellness or treat common issues like arthritis pain, inflammation, and more. Available in convenient dog treats or two different concentrations of CBD oil for dogs, Joy Organics has just what your dog needs.

Joy Organics uses high quality broad spectrum CBD in all of their products to make sure your dog enjoys the best effects cannabidiol has to offer. Both their dog treats and CBD oils are completely free from THC and lab tested for quality and purity. All orders come with a money-back guarantee and you’ll enjoy free shipping on your order.

Because arthritis affects different dogs in unique ways, it’s important to make sure you adjust your dog’s dosage as needed. Joy Organics CBD oil comes in two concentrations – 225mg and 450mg – so choose according to your dog’s body weight and the dosing recommendations on the bottle. Joy Organics dog treats come in a single concentration with 2mg CBD per chew.

Benefits of CBD Oil for Dogs with Arthritis

Many pet owners are surprised to learn that their dogs are prone to some of the same health issues humans are. From mental health disorders like anxiety and depression to chronic issues like diabetes, arthritis, and cancer, we may be more similar to our canine companions than we realize. Dogs are just as likely as humans to develop arthritis as they age and some of the same treatments may work on both.

What Does Arthritis in Dogs Look Like?

Arthritis in dogs typically takes one of two forms: primary or secondary. Primary arthritis is typically correlated with age and develops as the cartilage in the bone degenerates over time. Secondary arthritis is related to some kind of joint disease, instability, or injury.

The term osteoarthritis refers to degeneration of the joints and is sometimes used interchangeably with the term arthritis in dogs. Technically speaking, however, osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint condition that involves inflammation and breakdown of one or more joints. It is usually diagnosed through physical examination and diagnostic imaging tests.

Here are some of the most common symptoms of arthritis in dogs [7] :

  • Walking with a stiff gait
  • Difficulty getting up and down
  • Lameness in one or more legs
  • Reluctance to use stairs or jump up/down
  • Stiff, swollen, or sore joints
  • Loss of stamina

Dogs with developing arthritis may not exhibit all of these symptoms at once. In many cases, symptoms come on slowly and get worse over time. If you notice your dog displaying symptoms of pain, changes in mobility, or reluctance to exercise, talk to your veterinarian.

Treatment Options for Arthritis

Treating osteoarthritis in dogs can be complex because the condition progresses over time and may be preceded by an underlying disease or injury. There is no single cause of osteoarthritis, so you’ll need to work with your veterinarian to determine any contributing factors and to talk about the best course of treatment for your dog.

Unfortunately, there is no miracle cure for arthritis in dogs. Many dogs require a multifaceted treatment approach that involves treating pain and inflammation while addressing underlying conditions that contributed to the joint degeneration. Losing weight is an important component of arthritis treatment for overweight dogs and obese dogs because excess weight puts a lot of stress on the joints. Nutrition is important as well, especially in its role of helping dogs achieve a normal body condition.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [8] (NSAIDs) are typically the first step for treating arthritis in dogs as inflammation and pain tend to go hand-in-hand. It’s important to follow your veterinarian’s advice for using these medications for dogs because they do come with a risk of side effects and potential drug interactions. If you’re concerned about giving your dog medication, you may want to look into natural alternatives or nutraceuticals – CBD is becoming a popular alternative treatment for managing arthritis in dogs.

What is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol or CBD is one of the many compounds found in cannabis [9] . Cannabis is the same plant sometimes called marijuana or hemp, only the concentration of various compounds is what makes the varieties different. Marijuana is known for its high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol or THC while hemp has a higher concentration of CBD. While THC has psychoactive properties, CBD doesn’t produce a high. Rather, it is associated with various health benefits for both humans and dogs.

How Can CBD Be Beneficial for Dogs?

To understand the potential benefits of CBD oil for dogs, you have to start with understanding its effects. The effects of CBD are still being studied, but it is thought to be related to the endocannabinoid system or ECS [10] . All animals possess an endocannabinoid system, a complex cell-signaling system that regulates essential bodily functions and helps maintain homeostasis in the body. The two primary receptors in the endocannabinoid system are CB1 and CB2.

Cannabinoid receptors are designed to interact with natural cannabinoids produced in the brain called endocannabinoids. It has been discovered however, that these receptors interact with plant-based endocannabinoids as well – CBD is one of them. Though the details of the mechanism through which CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system is still poorly understood, numerous studies have demonstrated the effects.

One of the most highly documented benefits of CBD for dogs is its ability to reduce the frequency and severity of seizures [11] . Several small studies support the use of CBD for relieving pain and improving quality of life in dogs undergoing cancer treatment and some suggest it may even slow the proliferation of cancer cells [12] . One of the other well-studied benefits of CBD oil for dogs is in treating the pain and inflammation associated with arthritis.

According to one study [13] , dogs received CBD oil as treatment for osteoarthritis experienced a significant decrease in pain and an increase in activity. These benefits have been attributed to the anti-inflammatory properties of CBD as an antagonist of CB receptors. None of the participants in this study experienced side effects.

How Dogs with Arthritis Can Take CBD Oil

When it comes to giving your dog CBD oil, it’s important to remember that the effects are linked to the dosage. Certain health problems require a higher dose than others, and larger dogs may need larger doses than smaller dogs. Dosage is generally measured in milligrams per kilogram of body weight, though some brands convert it into milligrams per pound.

CBD for dogs is typically sold in small glass bottles with dropper tops. You simply squeeze the top of the dropper to draw in the oil and measure it using the lines on the dropper. Higher dosing recommendations are often measured in milliliter and smaller doses in drops. Refer to the dosing instructions on the label to determine how much to give your dog, determined by its body weight. The concentration of CBD in the oil will affect the dosage as well.

In regard to arthritis in particular, the pain-relieving effects of CBD for dogs have been tested in doses between 2mg/kg and 8mg/kg [13] . Research suggests that both doses can be effective, so you may want to ask your veterinarian for advice and start at a low dose and increase if needed.

Are There Any Side Effects?

Because veterinary research on the effects of CBD in animals is limited, we can only make assumptions based on studied effects in humans. Both humans and dogs both possess an endocannabinoid system which is presumably responsible for the effects of CBD, so it isn’t a big stretch to think similar side effects may apply.

Generally speaking, side effects of CBD [14] seem to be minor. The most commonly reported side effects are drowsiness, dry mouth, and a temporary drop in blood pressure. The bigger concern with these products is limited regulation by the FDA. Dog owners should do their own research before choosing a brand to determine the quality and safety of the CBD oil.

Tips for Choosing CBD Products

Though there are many potential benefits of CBD oil for dogs, it’s important to shop smart. When it comes to CBD oils, each brand is different. Not only do CBD oils come in various concentrations, but they may be mixed with different carrier oils and have other added ingredients. Many CBD oils are made simply with hemp oil while others use coconut oil or olive oil as a carrier.

The most important thing to look for when shopping for CBD oil for dogs is a product made with high-quality CBD oil. You should also know the difference between full spectrum CBD oil [15] and broad spectrum CBD oil. The main difference is that full spectrum CBD oil may contain cannabinoids other than CBD – this may include trace amounts of THC. Broad spectrum CBD oil, on the other hand, still contains an array of cannabinoids but has the THC removed.

Finally, find as much information as you can about the quality and purity of the CBD oil. It’s usually best to choose a CBD oil that has been tested by a third party. Look for a chemical analysis on the website or request one by emailing the company. Most CBD oil companies that use third party testing advertise it, so it’s pretty easy to find out.

All CBD products are not created equal, so it’s up to pet owners to research the options and make the best choice for their dog. Whatever CBD oil you choose, be sure to read the dosing instructions carefully and work with your veterinarian to manage your dog’s condition.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, veterinary research [13] suggests CBD may help dogs with osteoarthritis by relieving pain, reducing inflammation, and improving mobility.

There is no standard dosage for CBD in dogs – it depends on the CBD concentration of the oil and your dog’s weight. Refer to the dosing instructions on the particular product you choose.

Many dog owners prefer CBD treats to oil because they are easier to administer and they can provide similar benefits. Just make sure to check the concentration and the best dosing recommendations of the brand you choose.

Because research on the effects of CBD in dogs is limited, we can only assume the side effects in humans are a risk for dogs as well. These include drowsiness, dry mouth, and a temporary drop in blood pressure.

Though CBD oil for dogs is generally considered safe, it can interact with similar medications and there is some risk for side effects. Talk to your veterinarian before giving your dog any new treatments.

Arthritis is a condition characterized by joint inflammation and degeneration. Anti-inflammatory medications like NSAIDs are often the first line of defense and CBD provides similar benefits.

Possibly. Every dog’s situation is different, so you won’t know unless you try. There is, however, scientific evidence [13] to support the use of CBD in relieving pain and inflammation related to arthritis.

Health Canal avoids using tertiary references. We have strict sourcing guidelines and rely on peer-reviewed studies, academic researches from medical associations and institutions. To ensure the accuracy of articles in Health Canal, you can read more about the editorial process here

  1. ARTHRITIS IN DOGS. 2016. Available from: https://vetmed.tamu.edu/news/pet-talk/arthritis-in-dogs/
  2. Non-surgical Options for Managing Your Dog’s Arthritis. 2010. Available from: https://aces.illinois.edu/news/non-surgical-options-managing-your-dogs-arthritis.
  3. Anne Pesek Taylor. 2020. BENEFITS OF TURMERIC. Available from: https://healthcare.utah.edu/healthfeed/postings/2020/02/turmeric.php
  4. Angel Bhathal, Meredith Spryszak, Christopher Louizos, Grace Frankel. 2017. Glucosamine and chondroitin use in canines for osteoarthritis: A review.
  5. Costello, Jennifer. The Coconut Oil Experiment. Available from: https://pages.wustl.edu/dogbreeds/coconut-oil-experiment.
  6. Thomas Jefferson. 2018. What is Full Spectrum CBD?
  7. Robin Downing. Arthritis in Dogs. Available from: https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-pet/arthritis-in-dogs.
  8. Sharon Hertz. 2015. The Benefits and Risks of Pain Relievers: Q & A on NSAIDs with Sharon Hertz, M.D. Available from: https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/benefits-and-risks-pain-relievers-q-nsaids-sharon-hertz-md
  9. Marc Shapiro. 2020. WHAT IS CBD AND WHAT ARE ITS HEALTH BENEFITS?
  10. Robert J Silver. 2019. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6770351/
  11. Mary Guiden. 2019. Results from CBD clinical trial to assess efficacy on seizure frequency in dogs ‘encouraging’. Available from: https://cvmbs.source.colostate.edu/results-from-cbd-clinical-trial-to-assess-efficacy-on-seizure-frequency-in-dogs-encouraging/
  12. Joseph Wakshlag. 2019. Examination of the Effects of Cannabidiol on Canine Neoplastic Cell Apoptosis/Autophagy and Potential for Chemotherapy Resistance or Sensitivity. Available from: https://www.vet.cornell.edu/research/awards/201906/examination-effects-cannabidiol-canine-neoplastic-cell-apoptosisautophagy-and-potential-chemotherapy.
  13. Lauri-Jo Gamble, Jordyn M Boesch, Christopher W Frye, et al. 2018. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6065210/
  14. Katie Rosenblum. 2019. CBD: What You Need to Know Before You Try. Available from: https://www.cedars-sinai.org/blog/cbd-safe.html
  15. ANVAR KHAN. Tips To Choose The Best CBD Products Online. Available from: https://scalar.usc.edu/works/blogsection/tips-to-choose-the-best-cbd-products-online
Kate Barrington, Health Expert

Kate Barrington holds a Bachelor’s degree in English and is the published author of several self-help books and nutrition guides. Also an avid dog lover and adoring owner of three cats, Kate’s love for animals has led her to a successful career as a freelance writer specializing in pet care and nutrition. Kate holds a certificate in fitness nutrition and enjoys writing about health and wellness trends — she also enjoys crafting original recipes. In addition to her work as a ghostwriter and author, Kate is also a blogger for a number of organic and natural food companies as well as a columnist for several pet magazines.

Read on to learn the benefits of CBD oil for joint issues and to see our top picks for the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis 2021.