Is CBD oil legal in Tennessee?
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- What is CBD?
- Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
- Tennessee CBD laws
- Where can I buy CBD in Tennessee?
- How can I read CBD labels and packaging?
The short answer is yes. Cannabidiol oil that is derived from hemp, and that contains less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is legal for use in oils, tinctures, topicals, and even infused into certain kinds of edible products, as well. Since the passage of the Hemp Farming Act of 2018, all hemp products and products derived from hemp were legalized for sale, use, and possession at a federal level. The US Department of Agriculture are in charge of maintaining rules and regulations regarding the safety and quality standards, although the US Food and Drug Administration still maintain power over the marketing and regulation of CBD labeling, therapeutic claims, and additive to food products.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in both cannabis and hemp plants. After tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it is the most abundant compound found in cannabis plants, although CBD derived from hemp usually only contains trace amounts of THC, less than 0.3% by legal definition. CBD is known to have many potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and seizure-suppressing properties.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating substance found in cannabis. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
CBD is the yang to THC’s yin; it halts anxiety and elevates your level of chill without intoxication.
Combine THC and CBD to fully employ the entourage effect; THC and CBD work hand-in-hand to amplify each others’ effects.
What does CBD stand for? Cannabidiol.
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
Although CBD derived from hemp contains little to no THC and therefore, has no intoxicating effects, under the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act, all types of cannabis, including hemp, were considered to be illegal. That piece of legislation considered all types of the cannabis sativa plant, including both cannabis and hemp, to be illegal as a Schedule I controlled substance, which defined cannabis as a substance with a high potential for abuse, with no medicinal benefits, and a likelihood for addiction.
The Hemp Farming Act of 2018 legalized the cultivation of hemp, and altered the definition of hemp to create a separate, legal pathway for hemp to be removed from the Schedule I category and differentiate from cannabis in the legal definition. Hemp is cannabis that contains less than .3% THC by weight and marijuana is cannabis that contains more than .3% THC. Hemp-derived CBD was declassified from the Controlled Substances Act by the Hemp Farming Act of 2018, but CBD derived from the marijuana plant is still considered illegal at a federal level and is categorized as a Schedule I controlled substance. A helpful explainer is available on the Brookings Institute website.
The Hemp Farming Act of 2018 also preserved the rights of the Food and Drug Administration to maintain authority over the regulation of CBD labeling, therapeutic claims, and the use of CBD as a food additive. The FDA has since taken a firm stance against allowing hemp CBD to be added to food or beverage products, while also maintaining that CBD may not be advertised as a dietary supplement. The FDA is currently in the process of re-evaluating the regulations on hemp-derived CBD products, but has yet to lay out specific regulations, leading to much confusion in the market. In July of 2019, the FDA issued a warning letter to a hemp CBD company, Curaleaf, outlining the various ways the company was in violation of these regulations.
Thus, even hemp-derived CBD remains heavily regulated by the federal government. The Hemp Farming Act of 2018 also allows each state to make their own rules and regulations regarding the sale and distribution of hemp-derived CBD products, and state jurisdictions retain the right to restrict or prohibit the cultivation and commerce of hemp products. In addition, states may attempt to regulate food, beverages, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products containing hemp CBD, regardless of the final rules laid out by the FDA.
Tennessee CBD laws
All Tennessee hemp is required to meet the state standard of containing .3% or less of THC.
All purchases of hemp-derived CBD products must have a lab report or verification that the product they are purchasing contains less than .3% of THC. Hemp flower products must be sold in a sealed container.
To meet federal legal criteria, CBD oil must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
In 2016, Senate Bill 2125 was signed into law. This bill amended the marijuana laws in Tennessee to exclude any cannabis oil, including cannabis flower and seeds, containing less than .6% of THC from the legal definition of marijuana.
Later in 2016, House Bill 1044 was signed into law, allowing cannabis with .9% of THC or lower to be manufactured, processed, dispensed, and possessed by patients referred to by a four-year public institution within the state as part of a clinical research study on antiseizure, anticancer, or other immunomodulatory properties of the plant. This bill is the closest Tennessee has to a legal medical marijuana system, and may be used as an affirmative defense in the event that a patient is arrested with cannabis containing .9% THC or less.
Tennessee licensing requirements
Tennessee’s Department of Agriculture has laid out rules for hemp cultivators in light of the Hemp Farming Act, creating a system of licensing for hemp farmers, producers, and transporters. As of late 2019, there were more than 3,400 licensed hemp growers in Tennessee, ;]'[and the Tennessee Department of Agriculture is still accepting applications to become a licensed hemp grower. In order to transport hemp plants or products, a permit is required to be submitted by licensed growers at least three days in advance of making any movement.
There are six pesticides that have been approved for use on hemp by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Tennessee:
- EPA Registration Number: 84059-3. Active ingredient: Extract of Reynoutria sachalinensis. Product type: Fungicide and Fungistat.
- EPA Registration Number: 84059-28. Active ingredient: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain F727. Product type: Fungicide.
- EPA Registration Number: 91865-1. Active ingredients: Soybean Oil, Garlic Oil, and Capsicum Oleoresin Extract. Product type: Insecticide and Repellent.
- EPA Registration Number: 91865-3. Active ingredient: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain D747. Product type: Fungicide and Bactericide.
- EPA Registration Number: 91865-4. Active ingredient: Azadirachtin. Product type: Insect Growth Regulator and Repellent.
- EPA Registration Number: 91865-2. Active ingredient: Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids. Product type: Insecticide, Fungicide, and Miticide.
Tennessee CBD possession limits
CBD products containing less than .6% THC are legal for possession, and patients enrolled in a clinical study by a four-year college or university may possess CBD oil containing up to .9% THC, but there are no legal avenues to purchase any medical cannabis products, so certain products containing this amount of THC must be procured in another state. Possession of CBD oil without evidence that it was procured in another state is considered a Class C misdemeanor offense, punishable by a fine of up to $50, up to 30 days in jail, or both.
CBD products containing less than .6% THC are legal for possession. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The possession of marijuana containing a higher amount of THC is considered illegal. However, both Nashville and Memphis have succeeded in decriminalizing the possession of small amounts of marijuana, treating it like a traffic ticket with a fine of $50, which may be waived by the court if the individual completes community service.
The possession of half an ounce of marijuana or less elsewhere in the state of Tennessee is considered a misdemeanor, with a fine of up to $250, and up to one year in jail. The possession of more than half an ounce of marijuana is still considered a misdemeanor offense, but the fine increases to $500, with up to one year in jail.
Where can I buy CBD in Tennessee?
Unfortunately, medical CBD patients seeking products with a higher THC percentage will have to travel to other states to find these products.
In some larger cities such as Memphis and Nashville, there are shops that sell CBD products, including oils, tinctures, infused products, and topicals. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
However, for those seeking hemp-derived CBD products containing less than .3% THC, there are plenty of options inside the state of Tennessee. In some larger cities such as Memphis and Nashville, there are shops that sell CBD products, including oils, tinctures, infused products, and topicals. Ordering CBD products online is always an option, as well, as there are many CBD companies that offer online ordering and shipping. However, it is important to do research to find a reputable company that sells high-quality products that have been tested for pesticides and potency, and that offer a lab report for all of the products available.
How can I read CBD labels and packaging?
When purchasing hemp CBD products, one of the most important first steps to determine if this is a reputable source for high quality CBD is to examine the lab report and certificate of analysis, which is usually available on the label and packaging of the product. Most reputable hemp CBD companies will include the following information on the label:
- Amount of active CBD per serving
- Supplement Fact panel, including other ingredients
- Net weight
- Manufacturer or distributor name
- Suggested use
- Whether the product is full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate
- Batch number or date code
Is CBD oil legal in Tennessee? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD? Why is CBD sometimes illegal? Tennessee CBD laws Where
Where to Buy CBD in Tennessee in 2020
Are you looking for CBD in Tennessee?
Tennessee has some of the United States’ most restrictive marijuana laws. This article will answer all your questions about the relevant laws and point you in the direction of a reliable CBD supplier.
As the CBD industry continues to grow, an increasing number of companies are trying to get a piece of the pie. There are a lot of low-quality CBD products available over the counter, and you need to know how to avoid them.
Getting CBD sent straight to your door from an online store is usually the best way to go.
The first step to finding high-quality CBD is to familiarize yourself with Tennessee law.
Table of Contents
- Buy CBD Oil in Tennessee
- Is CBD Legal in Tennessee?
- To Qualify for Medicinal CBD in Tennessee, You Must:
- CBD vs. THC
- How to Find Quality CBD in Tennessee
- How to Protect Yourself From Sketchy CBD Companies
- Where to Buy CBD in Tennessee
- Is Marijuana Legal in Tennessee?
- Marijuana Possession Penalties in Tennessee
- Growing Marijuana in Tennessee
- Marijuana Decriminalization in Tennessee
- Recommended CBD Retailers in Tennessee
- Final Notes on Buying CBD in Tennessee
Buy CBD Oil in Tennessee
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Is CBD Legal in Tennessee?
Although the southern states are generally pretty strict when it comes to marijuana, it’s not all bad news.
Much of the south has legislation that allows patients with severe medical conditions limited access to medicinal CBD; however, it’s quite difficult to become eligible.
Tennessee is one of the states that has legalized CBD under a few circumstances.
Under Senate Bill 2531, a licensed Tennessee physician can recommend CBD oil that has a THC content of less than 0.9%.
To Qualify for Medicinal CBD in Tennessee, You Must:
- Have a severe form of an uncontrollable seizure disorder.
- Be part of an approved university clinical study.
- Be under the care of a doctor associated with a Tennessee school of medicine.
However, if you don’t fit into this narrow definition of eligible patients, don’t stress. It’s still possible to obtain CBD oil legally in Tennessee.
CBD vs. THC
CBD can be made from marijuana and industrial hemp plants. The two plants are nearly identical, except for when it comes to THC.
THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the compound in marijuana that causes the user to get high. Marijuana plants are high in THC and produce the buds that people smoke.
Industrial hemp doesn’t contain enough THC to cause the high. Generally, the THC content found in industrial hemp is less than 0.3%.
CBD is present in both types of cannabis plants. It has been shown to provide relief from pain, anxiety, inflammation, seizures, and much more. CBD has nothing to do with getting high.
This means that you can experience all of the benefits of CBD without getting stoned by purchasing products made with industrial hemp.
Additionally, industrial hemp is legal, according to the Federal Government. When it introduced the 2014 Agricultural Act (sometimes called the Farm Bill), industrial hemp was removed from the Controlled Substances Act.
Since 2014, therefore, farmers have been legally allowed to grow industrial hemp to produce paper, food, fuel, clothing, and extracts — including CBD.
As long as your CBD is sourced from an industrial hemp plant and contains less than 0.3% THC, your product is legal in the eyes of the Federal Government.
Now that you’re aware of the law, let’s look at how you can buy high-quality CBD in Tennessee.
How to Find Quality CBD in Tennessee
You can find industrial hemp CBD reasonably easily online and in-store. There are hundreds of products available on the market, but some can be sketchy.
This is mainly due to the fact the CBD is not regulated much. In 2017, the Center for Disease Control found that 52 people had become ill in Utah from fake CBD products sold in-store.
How to Protect Yourself From Sketchy CBD Companies
- Only buy CBD that has been tested by a third-party lab; this is the best way to be sure that your oil is safe for human consumption. These labs can double-check that the product contains the same amount of CBD as advertised and that it’s free from any unwanted contaminants, including pesticides and solvents.
- Don’t buy from companies claiming CBD is the cure to specific illnesses. CBD is a great health supplement that can alleviate the symptoms of many different diseases, but it’s not going to heal broken arms or cure cancer. If a product claims to cure absolutely anything, don’t buy it. These companies are trying to make a quick buck off of the many uninformed customers looking for CBD oil.
- Look for full-spectrum CBD products. Full-spectrum CBD is produced using the entire hemp plant; this can capture additional compounds that help CBD do its job. Some of these compounds include terpenes and flavonoids.
- Always check that your CBD comes from industrial hemp. This is less about finding the best CBD and more about protecting yourself legally. Industrial hemp CBD is legal in the eyes of the Federal Government. If your CBD is produced from a flowering marijuana plant, it will probably get you high and, therefore, into trouble with the law.
Where to Buy CBD in Tennessee
The best way to get high-quality CBD is through an online store. However, you shouldn’t have trouble finding CBD locally in vape stores, head shops, and natural health outlets.
Making your purchase online is usually the way to go. These shops are almost always cheaper than buying in-store and have a better selection of products for you to choose from.
If you place your order online, you can take advantage of bulk discounts and special offers that local stores would have difficulty matching. Running a physical storefront is expensive, and prices usually reflect that.
Online stores are experts in the world of CBD. Most of the time, online shops only sell CBD. They’ll be able to give you better answers to your questions and make sure you get the right product for your needs. When shopping locally, you’ll probably have to go into a vaporizer store that also happens to sell CBD. Not to discredit those stores, but I would trust the experts.
You can shop at any time when you buy online. Realize you’re running low on your favorite CBD product at 11 pm while in your sweatpants? No worries — just go online and place an order. Most stores will be able to deliver your CBD products in a couple of business days.
If you would still prefer to head into a local store and look at products for yourself, we have included a list of stores in Tennessee that can help you with all your CBD needs.
Is Marijuana Legal in Tennessee?
Currently, marijuana is illegal for both recreational and medicinal purposes in Tennessee.
This is not unusual for southern states.
In Tennessee, marijuana possession is still punished quite severely.
Marijuana Possession Penalties in Tennessee
Even for possession of small amounts of marijuana, you can receive jail time in Tennessee.
On your first and second convictions, getting caught with any amount of marijuana in Tennessee can lead to one year in jail and a fine of $2500. The judge may also require you to attend drug education classes, perform community service, or both.
These same punishments apply to give as a gift one and a half ounces of weed.
On your third and subsequent offenses, marijuana possession becomes a felony. The fine is up to $5000, and you could spend the next one to six years in prison.
You’ll also be required to pay tax on the amount of marijuana in your possession. Technically, there is a tax on the import, export, and sale of marijuana. This tax is roughly $3.50 per gram.
Growing Marijuana in Tennessee
Growing marijuana is also illegal in Tennessee. The penalties for marijuana cultivation are similar to those for possession.
Get caught with less than one and a half ounces in your grow, and you’ll face a fine of up to $2500 and a year in jail.
Between one and a half ounces and ten pounds, you’re looking at a fine of $5000 and potentially six years in jail.
Therefore, Tennessee is not a great place to get caught with marijuana of any kind.
Marijuana Decriminalization in Tennessee
The Tennessee division of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) petitioned Davidson Country to reduce the penalties for marijuana possession in 2015.
Unfortunately, the group couldn’t quite get enough signatures to get the vote on the ballot, getting only about 4000 of the 6877 names required.
In 2016, Memphis and Nashville successfully decriminalized marijuana possession in the municipal government. Possession in these cities will only be punished with a $50 fine.
Recommended CBD Retailers in Tennessee
- Music City Hemp Store
- Elliston Place Smoke Shop
- Nashville Vapor
- Nashville CBD Solutions
- Craft Vapor
- Evolution VaporZ
- Saffire Vapor
- Your CBD Store
- HempWorx CBD Local
- VaporWize Highland
- I40 Vape Shop
- Create a Cig Memphis
- Cloud 9 Smoke Shop
- CBD American Shaman
- Eddie’s Health Shoppe
- The Vape Shop
- Knoxville Vapor
- Monkey Vapors
- D20 Vape
- Mountain Oak Vapors of Knoxville TN
All of these stores should have a selection of CBD products for you to choose from. Head into one and see if they can point you in the right direction of a reliable, local CBD supplier.
Don’t see your city on the list? Try your local vape store. They are usually your best bet for finding a source of CBD nearby. Otherwise, don’t be afraid to order online!
Final Notes on Buying CBD in Tennessee
Tennessee marijuana laws are strict. If you’re waiting for legal marijuana, there’s a long way to go.
As far as CBD goes, there’s a limited number of ways you can get into a CBD study if you have a severe medical condition. However, you shouldn’t have any trouble finding industrial hemp CBD sold over the counter and online.
As always, we recommend making your purchase with a trusted online supplier to have the best chance of finding high-quality CBD.
Whether you decide to purchase online or in-store, make sure you conduct your research before handing over your hard-earned cash.
If you’re looking to buy CBD legally in Tennessee, this article has the answers you’re looking for. Learn more in this all-inclusive guide.