How to make CBD oil
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- What is CBD oil?
- History of CBD oil laws
- Making CBD oil
- Choosing an oil
- Dosing CBD oil
- Bottom line
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is a refined hemp extract that has been added to a carrier oil. Hemp is a variety of cannabis that produces only trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabis component that can produce a psychoactive “high.” In fact, hemp is defined as having less than 0.3 % THC. Instead of producing THC, hemp plants contain mainly cannabidiol (CBD). Hemp has a long history of use for making fiber for textiles and rope, and has been bred to be tall and skinny with very small flowers, or buds.
CBD oil is a refined hemp extract that has been added to a carrier oil. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The explosive popularity of non-intoxicating cannabis products containing CBD has led to the development of a booming $1 billion industry. Those who seek CBD’s medical benefits can consume a diversity of CBD-infused foods, supplements, and drinks. CBD oil has been used to treat wide-ranging symptoms, such as pain, anxiety, depression, and acne.
CBD additives come in many forms, but all fall into three major categories: CBD oil, CBD-rich cannabis oil, and CBD isolate. While “CBD oil” and “CBD-rich cannabis oil” may seem like two words for the same product, they differ significantly, mainly due to the fact that two distinct kinds of cannabis are used to make each.
History of CBD oil laws
The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 made all cannabis varieties, including hemp, completely illegal, but the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill legalized the cultivation of hemp for fiber, while also legalizing the extraction of CBD from hemp if the hemp was grown in accordance with the law. This bill led to the rapid expansion of CBD products including oils, balms, creams, and gummies.. Interstate commerce of these products lies in a legal gray area because CBD and cannabis extracts are still considered a Schedule 1 narcotic, but the United States Drug Enforcement Agency has not enforced this regulation on businesses that sell CBD oil.
Making CBD oil
On a large scale, CBD oil is made by extracting entire hemp plants creating a crude paste, which is then refined in several ways and added to a carrier oil. Other minor cannabis components with some medical benefits, (such as cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabidivarin (CBDV), are extracted alongside with CBD. Terpenes, the components responsible for the smell of cannabis and other flowers and plants, are sometimes reintroduced to harness additional medical benefits. Because CBD oil contains other components, it may be referred to as broad spectrum CBD oil, which reportedly has greater benefits than if CBD is taken on its own.
CBD oil is made by extracting entire hemp plants creating a crude paste, which is then refined in several ways and added to a carrier oil. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Making CBD-rich cannabis oil
This type of CBD product generally refers to a cannabis extract high in CBD that has not necessarily been added to a carrier oil. Instead of using hemp plants, this product is produced using drug-type cannabis plants bred to make mostly CBD, and little THC. Drug-type cannabis differs from hemp in that it has been bred for generations to make large buds coated in THC-rich cannabis resin that are prime for smoking and making into edibles and topical salves. While drug-type cannabis typically produces high levels of THC, interest in the medical benefits of CBD has motivated people to breed high-CBD plants. High-CBD drug-type cannabis produces much more CBD per plant than hemp does, but because of their lineage, they are not legal to grow under the 2018 Farm Bill. These CBD plants are, however, legal to grow in certain states with medical and recreational cannabis laws, and cannabis extracts made using these plants may be purchased in those states.
Making CBD isolate
CBD isolate is, in short, pure CBD. Isolate is made by refining CBD oil or CBD-rich cannabis oil. Due to the low cost of growing hemp versus high-CBD drug-type plants, CBD oil is often a cheaper source than CBD-rich cannabis oil for the production of CBD isolate. CBD isolate is a white, slightly sticky powder.
CBD isolate is a crystalline solid or powder that contains pure CBD. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
How to make CBD oil at home
To fully harness the medical benefits of CBD, customizing the consistency, potency, and carrier liquid of your of CBD oil for your needs is essential. The most straightforward and efficient way to make your own CBD oil is to start with CBD isolate, which is readily available in dispensaries and online from reputable sources. Another easy way to administer CBD oil is by dissolving it in alcohol, to make what is known as a tincture.
Tools for making CBD oil
Many of the tools needed for the home production of CBD oils or tinctures are likely to be things you already have in your kitchen or medicine cabinet. A jeweler’s scale that can measure grams two places past the decimal point is a must to accurately measure your CBD isolate and can be purchased fairly cheaply online. A spoon or small scoop will be needed to transfer the measured CBD isolate to a storage container. Additionally, you will need either oil or alcohol. The exact type will be your preference, but some properties of each need to be considered before making a purchase. The simplest way to dose the CBD oil or tincture precisely is by using a dropper bottle that indicates how much it delivers; these typically measure out 1 milliliter for the whole dropper. Measuring the oil or alcohol is most easily done with an oral syringe.
Choosing an oil
As CBD isolate is neutral in taste, the oil in which it is dissolved will dictate the flavor of the final product. An unflavored oil, such as medium chain triglyceride oil, commonly known as MCT oil, will make for a neutral tasting product. Strong-tasting oils, such as coconut and olive, may be used as well if desired. Coconut oil is often solid at room temperature as it has a high content of saturated fat, so it will need to be heated carefully for making CBD oil. If you’re making a tincture instead of an oil, a high grain alcohol is key. Liquor is diluted with water to an alcohol content of 40 -50 %, which is not suitable for dissolving CBD because of the high water content (CBD is not soluble in water). High-grain alcohol (90 % or greater) is needed for full incorporation.
As CBD isolate is neutral in taste, the oil in which it is dissolved will dictate the flavor of the final product. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Dosing CBD oil
The first crucial step in the process of making CBD oil or tinctures is deciding the desired potency. Assuming you want to administer your oil or tincture with a dropper bottle, it is necessary to know milligrams of CBD delivered per milliliter of oil/tincture. Most dropper bottles hold 1 fluid ounce (1 fluid ounce
30 milliliters). Dissolving 600 milligrams of CBD in 30 milliliters of liquid will make an oil/tincture that delivers 20 milligrams of CBD per milliliter (600 mg ÷ 30 mL = 20 mg/mL). To make a higher potency oil/tincture, dissolve more CBD in the same volume; the total milligrams of CBD you add, divided by the total volume of the oil/alcohol you add, will give you the potency in milligrams per milliliter (mg/mL).
The first crucial step in the process of making CBD oil or tinctures is deciding the desired potency. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
If you’re using any oil except for coconut, weigh the desired amount of CBD isolate on a notecard on your scale. Fold one edge of the notecard, place the folded angle into the edge of the dropper bottle, and carefully tap the notecard until the CBD falls into the bottle (do this over a clean tray to gather anything that may have fallen during the process). Pour your measured amount of oil or alcohol into the dropper bottle (30 milliliters or 1 fluid ounce if you follow the guide above). Shake and swirl; the heat from your hand will help dissolve the CBD, but it may take a few minutes. The final product is shelf-stable and ready to administer orally, into topicals, or into foods and drinks.
Due to its higher saturated fat content, coconut oil is mostly solid at room temperature (unless you’re in a very hot climate) and therefore cannot be administered with a dropper bottle. The coconut oil must be heated until liquid before dissolving the CBD. You can simply heat a measured amount of oil for your desired dose in a small pot or saucepan at a very low temperature. It is important to monitor the oil for signs of overheating and adjust the temperature accordingly. Alternatively, a double boiler can be used in place of a saucepan.
If you prefer to make a tincture but are concerned with the high alcohol content needed, glycerine can be used to dilute alcohol-based tinctures. CBD is not particularly soluble in glycerine on its own; however, CBD already dissolved in alcohol can be fully incorporated with glycerine to dilute or sweeten the tincture. Dosing will need to be adjusted with the addition of a larger volume of fluid. This can easily be done by making the initial tincture more potent and diluting it down with glycerine to your desired concentration.
You can channel the potential health benefits of CBD oil at home, but you should consult your physician before beginning a regimen and verify any applicable state or local laws.
How to make CBD oil Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD oil? History of CBD oil laws Making CBD oil Choosing an oil
How to Make CBD Oil at Home
CBD oil is gaining popularity as an alternative remedial therapy for a variety of ailments and even acts as a supplement with many health benefits. There are many high quality CBD oil brands out there that are worth considering to try before making one yourself.
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Now, in this article, we’ll talk about the two easiest ways of making CBD oil at home.
But before we delve into that, let’s understand how CBD works.
How CBD Oil Works?
Cannabidiol, most commonly known as CBD, is one of over 110 active cannabinoids found in marijuana plants. CBD has a natural ability to bind with receptor sites in our body (like the brain and the immune system) and it works to restore your body to its optimum level of functionality. By influencing the activity controlled by the body’s receptor sites, CBD oil is known for its utility when it comes to manage pain, anxiety and depression, insomnia, psychosis, muscle spasms, neurodegenerative disorders and many other ailments or disease such as diabetes.
The body’s endocannabinoid (ECS) system is responsible for the physical and psychological effects of cannabis on the human body, as well as for the regulation of bodily functions including appetitie, mood, metabolism, sleep, immune function, temperature, digestion, cardiovascular function, neural development, memory and learning, and reproduction. Besides these, the ECS system is also responsive to fighting illness in the body.
This ability to regulate and influence the endocannabinoid system makes CBD effective as a remedy for many health issues. As more scientific studies attest to the healing effects of CBD oil, the scope of this marijuana extract as a healing alternative are growing.
Why use CBD Oil?
In addition to the possible health benefits listed above, CBD oil supplements also provide the body with some essential oils that are often missing from our daily nutrition intake. This can include vitamins and minerals, omega fatty acids, flavonoids and even important proteins and terpenes.
Since CBD oil does not contain THC, it is not psychoactive and won’t leave you with a high. Before understanding the process of making CBD oil, you can get here to understand the key benefits of using CBD oil.
Different Ways to Make CBD Oil
Now that we have understood how CBD oil works on the ECS as well as the many benefits that it offers, let’s talk about making your own CBD oil.
The’ Oil Method’ of extracting CBD oil is considered as one of the safest ways of doing so. With this method, you will need to use a carrier oil, such as coconut or olive oil. This method is gaining popularity as it is completely safe, free of unwanted residues and the user gets the benefits of the extracted CBD as well as that of the carrier oil.
A step-by-step guide to making CBD oil through the oil method:
Before getting started, understand that the quality of cannabis you use will dictate the quality of the final product. This is why it is best to pick a high-quality strain that was sourced from a reputed retailer.
- To get started, choose buds, leaves, and stems of a high-quality cannabis plant. However, before you get started, ensure that the raw cannabis has gone through the process of decarboxylation. To do this, bake the buds and leaves at a temperature of approximately 220°F for 90 to 100 minutes. In layman’s terms, this process refers to heating the plant at a certain temperature for a specific period of time to activate the plant’s chemicals.
- In a mason jar, mix the ground-up weed with the carrier oil of your choice and then saturate the weed with the oil. You can adjust the quantity of oil or add more depending on how potent you want the end product to be.
- Once the saturation has occurred, it is time to bring the oil-weed mixture to a boil. Screw the lid of the mason jar securely to ensure that no steam or water enters the oil mixture.
- On the bottom of the pan, place a towel. Place the mason jar on the top and fill the pan with water until it reaches a temperature of at least 200 degrees. (Make sure to use a thermometer)
- Regularly check the pot to ensure that the water has not evaporated. Turn off the stove after letting the oil mixture simmer for three hours and then let it sit for another three hours.
- After this is done, it is recommended to heat the oil mixture again for three hours, to turn off the heat, and leave it again for the night.
- The next morning, your CBD oil will be ready to use. Proceed ahead by straining the mixture through cheesecloth and storing in a cool, dark and dry place.
The ‘Alcohol Method’ is also known as the ethanol method. One of the pros of this CBD oil-extraction process is that it does not require special skills or advanced equipment, making it a great choice for beginners.
Alcohol, the extracting agent in this process, is preferred as it does not leave an unpleasant taste or odour as opposed to other agents.
A step-by-step guide to making CBD oil through the alcohol method:
- Start by placing the marijuana in a ceramic or glass bowl. Cover it with alcohol and stir for about 6 minutes. Once this is done, use a wooden spoon to extract the resin produced as a result of the process.
- Place a straining bag/sieve in the bowl to filter out the solvent. Squeeze out as much extract as possible. If you feel that more oil extraction is possible from the weed, repeat this squeezing process.
- In a double boiler, pour the extracted oil and heat it until bubbles start to form. The aim is to make the alcohol evaporate without raising the temperature. Wait until the oil simmers for about thirty minutes on a very low flame. Once the alcohol evaporates completely, mix it and turn off the flame.
- Once cooled, transfer the concentrated extract in a storage bottle with a tight lid in a cool, dark and dry place.
The Best Marijuana Strains for CBD Oil Extraction
As mentioned before, the quality of cannabis you use will dictate the quality of the final product. This is why, for those looking at making their own CBD oil, it is necessary to choose the appropriate marijuana strain for their individual needs.
Finally, there’re chances that your CBD oil won’t live up to your expectation. In that case, don’t hesitate to get yourself the best brand in the market.
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Written by: Dwight K. Blake
Dwight was a Mental Health counselor at Long Island Psychotherapy & Counseling in Westbury, New York for more than 15 years. He believes that CBD is the prime solution to this mental illness and more– with proper research, medical acknowledgment, and application.
Through his work at AmericanMarijuana, together with the rest of the team, he wishes to provide everyone with genuine results and high-quality product reviews for everyone to enjoy for free.
1 thought on “How to Make CBD Oil at Home”
I love you man you guys are the greatest. This Cbd/hash oil article is the greatest article I’ve ever seen. Thanks guys. The alcohol method I’ve used for decades it really works.
In this article, we’ll talk about the two easiest ways of making CBD oil at home. What is the safest method to make CBD at home for beginners?